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[期刊快览]《中国人迷信》2019年第2期

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  1.岳昌君 张沛康 林涵倩:就读重心父亲学对人工智能赋闲顶替压力的缓松干用

  【摘 要】跟遂人工智能的迅快展开,休憩力市场的好多岗位存放在被顶替的风险。文字基于2017年全国高校逝业生赋闲情景考查数据,考查就读重心父亲学对人工智能的赋闲顶替压力的缓松干用。切磋结实露示,与匪重心父亲学比较,重心父亲学逝业生能进入赋闲顶替比值更低的行业,说皓就读重心父亲学能缓松人工智能的赋闲顶替压力。此雕刻些定论在把持范本选择偏袒和处理内生性效实后依然成立。对其影响机制的进壹步切磋发皓,重心父亲学首要经度过提升先生的专业技艺和指伸先生结合良好的人品特点,僚佐他们进入赋闲顶替比值更低的行业,投降低被人工智能顶替的风险。余外面,缓松干用在不一专业背景和事业典型上具拥有异质性,关于人文社科、理工科先生及从事什分规知型工干的先生而言效实最为清楚。

  【关键词】重心父亲学 人工智能 赋闲顶替比值 高校逝业生

  【干 者】岳昌君,北边京父亲学教养育学院教养育经济切磋所,教养任命;张沛康,北边京父亲学教养育学院教养育经济切磋所,硕士切磋生;林涵倩,北边京父亲学教养育学院教养育经济切磋所,硕士切磋生。

  【责编纂】丹犁

  The Role of Elite College Education in Alleviating the Substitution Pressure of Artificial Intelligence Employment

  Yue Changjun and Others

  With rapid development of Artificial Intelligence (AI), many jobs in the labor market are at risk of being substituted. Using data from the National Employment Survey of College Graduates in 2017, this paper analyzes the impact of graduating from elite colleges in alleviating the risk of AI employment substitution. The results show that, compared with those from non-elite colleges, graduates from elite colleges enter industries with lower substitution risks, suggesting a protective effect of graduating from elite colleges. These conclusions remain valid after controlling for the sample selection bias and eliminating endogeneity. It also points out that the mechanism is mainly by upgrading their professional skills and developing favorable personalities, which help to reduce the risk of being substituted by AI. In addition, it evaluates the heterogeneity of the mitigation effect among different professional backgrounds and occupational groups. The effect is most salient for students of Humanities and Social Sciences, Engineering and those engaged in non-routine cognitive occupations.

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